HOW MUCH DO YOU KNOW ABOUT MORNING-AFTER PILL?
The morning-after pill is also known as, emergency birth control, backup birth control, and by the brand names Plan B One-Step, ella, and Next Choice.
Plan B One-Step and Next Choice are available from drugstores and health centers without a prescription for women and men 17 and older. If you are interested in getting morning-after pill (also known as the morning-after pill) and are 17 or older, you can either get it directly from a Planned Parenthood health center or from your local drugstore. morning-after pill can prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or if the contraception you have used has failed – for example, a condom has split or you have missed a pill.
⦁ There are 2 types of morning-after pill: the emergency contraceptive pill – Levonelle or ellaOne (the “morning after” pill)
You need to take the morning-after pill within 3 days (Levonelle) or 5 days (ellaOne) of unprotected sex for it to be effective – the sooner you take it, the more effective it’ll be. Taking the emergency contraceptive pills Levonelle or ellaOne can give you a headache or tummy pain and make you feel or be sick.
The morning-after pill can make your next period earlier, later or more painful than usual.
If you’re sick (vomit) within 2 hours of taking Levonelle or 3 hours of taking ellaOne, go to your GP, pharmacist or genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic, as you’ll need to take another dose or have an IUD fitted.
If you use the IUD as morning-after pill, it can be left in and used as your regular contraceptive method.
If you use the IUD as a regular method of contraception, it can make your periods longer, heavier or more painful.
You may feel some discomfort when the IUD is put in, but painkillers can help.
There are no serious side effects of using morning-after pill.
morning-after pilldoesn’t cause an abortion.
How the morning-after pill works
Levonelle; Levonelle contains levonorgestrel, a synthetic (man-made) version of the natural hormone progesterone produced by the ovaries. Taking it ought to stop or delay the release of an egg (ovulation). Levonelle has to be taken within 72 hours (3 days) of sex to prevent pregnancy. It doesn’t interfere with your regular method of contraception.
ellaOne; EllaOne contains ulipristal acetate, which stops progesterone working normally. This also works by stopping or delaying the release of an egg. ellaOne has to be taken within 120 hours (5 days) of sex to prevent pregnancy.
Levonelle and ellaOne don’t continue to protect you against pregnancy – if you have unprotected sex at any time after taking the emergency pill, you can become pregnant.
They aren’t intended to be used as a regular form of contraception. But you can use morning-after pill more than once in a menstrual cycle if you need to.
Who can use the emergency pill?
Most women can use the morning-after pill. This includes women who can’t use hormonal contraception, such as the combined pill and contraceptive patch. Girls under 16 years old can also use it.
But you may not be able to take the emergency contraceptive pill if you’re allergic to anything in it, have severe asthma or take any medicines that may interact with it, such as;
i. the herbal medicine St John’s Wort.
ii. some medicines used to treat epilepsy, HIV or tuberculosis (TB).
iii. medicine to make your stomach less acidic, such as omeprazole.
iv. some less commonly used antibiotics (rifampicin and rifabutin)
EllaOne can’t be used if you’re already taking one of these medicines, as it may not work. Levonelle may still be used, but the dose may need to be increased.
Tell a GP, nurse or pharmacist what medicines you’re taking, and they can advise you if they’re safe to take with the emergency contraceptive pill.
You can also read the patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine for more information.
Levonelle is safe to take while breastfeeding. Although small amounts of the hormones in the pill may pass into your breast milk, it’s not thought to be harmful to your baby.
The safety of ellaOne during breastfeeding isn’t yet known. The manufacturer recommends that you don’t breastfeed for one week after taking this pill.
You may need to take the morning-after pill if you:
⦁ forgot to take some of your regular contraceptive pills.
⦁ didn’t use your contraceptive patch or vaginal ring correctly.
⦁ were late having your contraceptive implant or contraceptive injection
⦁ if you have been raped/ abused
Side effects of using the emergency pill
There are no serious or long-term side effects from taking the emergency contraceptive pill. But it can cause:
⦁ tummy pain.
⦁ changes to your next period – it can be earlier, later or more painful than usual.
⦁ feeling or being sick – get medical attention if you’re sick within 2 hours of taking Levonelle or 3 hours of taking ellaOne, as you’ll need to take another dose or have an IUD fitted
See a GP or nurse if your symptoms don’t go away after a few days or if:
i. you think you might be pregnant.
ii. your next period is more than 7 days late.
iii. your period is shorter or lighter than usual.
iv. you have sudden pain in your lower tummy – in rare cases, a fertilised egg may have implanted outside the womb (ectopic pregnancy)
Can I get the morning-after pill in advance?
You can get the emergency contraceptive pill in advance of having unprotected sex if:
i. you’re worried about your contraceptive method failing.
ii. you’re going on holiday.
iii. you can’t get hold of condoms easily
See a GP or nurse for further advice on getting advance morning-after pill. You can also talk to them about your options for regular methods of contraception.
Where can I get morning-after pill?
You can get morning-after pill for free, even if you’re under 16, from these places:
i. contraception clinics.
ii. sexual health or genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics.
iii. some GP surgeries.
iv. some young people’s clinics.
v. most NHS walk-in centres and minor injuries units.
vi. most pharmacies.
vii. some accident and emergency (A&E) departments (phone first to check)
If you’re aged 16 or over, you can buy the emergency contraceptive pill from most pharmacies, in person or online, and from some organisations, such as the British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS) or Marie Stopes.
Getting morning-after pill during coronavirus
If you need morning-after pill, call your GP surgery, a pharmacy or a sexual health clinic as soon as possible. Only go in person if asked to.
You’ll usually have a phone or video consultation. You’ll be given an electronic prescription you can use to collect your contraception from a pharmacy or get it delivered.
You can also buy morning-after pill directly from a pharmacy or private sexual health clinic without a prescription.
Levonorgestrel can prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. People sometimes call it the “morning after pill.” But you don’t have to wait until the morning after sex to take it. In fact, levonorgestrel is more effective the sooner you take it. It is a one-dose regimen: you take one pill. The pill contains 1.5 milligrams of levonorgestrel, which is used in lower doses in many birth control pills.
Levonorgestrel brands include Econtra EZ, My Way, Next Choice One Dose, Plan B One Step, Preventeza, and Take Action. These are given as a one pill morning-after pill or as 2 pills taken separately within 72 hours of unprotected sex.
How Does Levonorgestrel Work?
Depending upon where you are in your cycle, levonorgestrel helps prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. It may prevent or delay ovulation.
Levonorgestrel is not the same as RU-486, which is an abortion pill. It does not cause a miscarriage or abortion. It will not work if you are already pregnant when you take it.
How Effective Is Levonorgestrel?
If you take the pill within 72 hours after you’ve had unprotected sex, levonorgestrel can reduce the risk of pregnancy by up to 87% if taken as directed. If you take Plan B One-Step within 24 hours, it is much more effective.
But you should know that Plan B One-Step is not as effective as regular contraception. So don’t take it as a form of birth control. And, it does not protect you against sexually transmitted diseases. Think of it as a backup — not for routine use. That’s why it’s called Plan B.
How to Take Levonorgestrel
Plan B One Step can be purchased over the counter at drugstores without a prescription or proof of age. Because it is most effective when taken as soon as possible (up to 72 hours after unprotected sex), consider having a ready supply in your medicine cabinet. Better yet, use a reliable form of birth control, and plan for a backup method of birth control.
You can take it if:
i. You didn’t use any birth control.
ii. The condom came off or broke.
iii. The diaphragm slipped out of place.
iv. You missed at least two or three active birth control pills in a row.
v. You forgot to insert your ring or apply your patch.
vi. Your partner didn’t pull out in time.
vii. You have another reason to think your birth control might not have worked.
viii. You were forced to have unprotected sex.
Remember: Plan B will not protect you from getting pregnant if you have unprotected sex after taking it. To protect you against getting pregnant, you need to take it right after you have unprotected sex and use a form a contraception when you have sex
Do not take levonorgestrel if:
⦁ You know you are pregnant or suspect you might be.
⦁ You have a history of allergy or hypersensitivity to its ingredients.
⦁ You have a history of recent abnormal vaginal bleeding that your doctor has not yet evaluated.
Side Effects of Levonorgestrel
Many women have taken morning-after pill without serious complications. But it’s a good idea to ask your doctor about possible interactions with other medications.
Levonorgestrel is considered safe for most women. You should not take it if you are pregnant because it will not end the pregnancy.
Potential side effects of levonorgestrel include:
b. abdominal pain
e. menstrual changes
g. breast tenderness
If you vomit within two hours after taking the drug, call a healthcare professional to find out if you should repeat the dose.
With levonorgestrel, you may also have some unexpected bleeding. It should go away by the time of your next period. However, it is possible that levonorgestrel may cause your next period to be heavier or lighter than usual. It may also come earlier or later than is normal for you. If you don’t get your period within three weeks, get a pregnancy test to make sure you’re not pregnant.
Can you get pregnant if you have unprotected sex one day after taking the morning-after pill? can you get pregnant if you had unprotected sex one day after using plan b?
Yes, it’s possible to get pregnant. The morning-after pill (AKA morning-after pill) can help prevent pregnancy when you take it after having unprotected sex. But, it won’t prevent pregnancy for any sex you may have after taking it. So if you use the morning-after pill and then have unprotected sex, you’ll need to take it again.
Is the morning-after pill safe?
morning-after pill is safe — millions of people have used different kinds of morning-after pill for more than 30 years. There have been no reports of serious complications.
How many times can I use the morning-after pill?
Taking the morning-after pill whenever you need to won’t hurt you. But it’s not a good idea to use the morning-after pill as your regular, go-to method of birth control. This is because:
The morning-after pill doesn’t prevent pregnancy as well as other forms of birth control like the IUD, implant, pill, shot, or ring.
Taking the morning-after pill over and over again is more expensive than being on a regular method of birth control.
Morning-after pill side effects are temporary and harmless, but annoying (like bleeding between periods or nausea).
So it’s totally safe to take the morning-after pill as many times as you need to — it’s just not the best way to prevent unintended pregnancies long-term. Birth control that you use before or during sex (like the IUD, implant, pill, condoms, etc.) is way more effective, affordable and convenient.